Advertising Policy

Cleveland Clinic is a non-profit academic medical center. Advertising on our site helps support our mission. We do not endorse non-Cleveland Clinic products or services Policy

Low Testosterone’s Lethal Impact

Cleveland Clinic studies show that in men with renal disease, reduced levels of serum testosterone are associated with an increased mortality risk compared with higher testosterone levels. Low serum testosterone level following kidney transplant also predicts increased risk of death and graft loss. Low T merits study as a biomarker for disease severity and as a target for replacement therapy.

Saving as Many Nephrons as Possible

The quantity of preserved nephrons correlates directly with functional recovery after partial nephrectomy. Precision of tumor excision and renal reconstruction to save as much vascularized parenchyma as possible is critical and can be optimized by high-quality imaging and meticulous surgical technique.

Advertising Policy