A multicenter cohort study of patients with obesity suggests a decreased risk of developing new obesity-related cancers in patients with a history of bariatric surgery.Read More
Study Reveals Racial Disparities in Treatment of Inflammatory Bowel Disease
New Cleveland Clinic research shows a troubling disparity in Black patients’ access to advanced inflammatory bowel disease therapies when compared with white patients. This lack of access to advanced treatments can have severe health consequences for patients, including more complications and hospitalizations.
New Insights on Post-Transplant Survival after Acute-on-Chronic Liver Failure
Patients with acute-on-chronic liver failure, even those with advanced-grade disease and circulatory failure requiring multiple vasopressors, can achieve one-year survival rates exceeding 80% following liver transplantation, a large North American multicenter study including Cleveland Clinic researchers has found. But the presence of portal vein thrombosis in patients with the most severe ACLF is cause for caution regarding transplantation.
Pinpointing Risk Factors for Respiratory Failure after Elective Abdominal Surgery
New Cleveland Clinic research identifies risk factors for postoperative respiratory failure in patients undergoing elective abdominal surgery. The findings can be used to identify higher-risk patients for additional monitoring or follow-up care, and to help surgeons and anesthesiologists optimize outcomes.
Biologics Before Surgery Not Associated With Postoperative Infections in IBD Patients
A large new multi-institution study led by Cleveland Clinic researchers adds to the body of evidence supporting the safety of biologics use prior to surgery for inflammatory bowel disease.
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Encouraging New Results from Normothermic Machine Perfusion
A Cleveland Clinic-developed normothermic perfusion machine has enabled surgeons to assess and successfully transplant 15 of 21 “orphan” livers that otherwise would have been discarded as unsuitable. The results may herald a new era in transplantation, making more organs available.
Anti-Tumor Necrosis Factor Reduces Crohn’s Disease Recurrence after Surgery
Patients with Crohn’s disease who were administered anti-tumor necrosis factor within a month after undergoing ileocecal resection were less likely to experience disease recurrence, new Cleveland Clinic research shows.
Pouch Surgery and Patient Comorbidities Are Associated with Male Sexual Dysfunction
Cardiometabolic risk factors, major depressive disorder and age appear to elevate the risk of male sexual dysfunction in patients who undergo ileo-anal pouch anastomosis after proctocolectomy, new research shows. The findings underscore the need for improved screening and patient education.
Bariatric Surgery Substantially Lowers Risk of Obesity-Related Cancers
Bariatric surgery, the most effective current treatment for patients with obesity, can significantly reduce many adult patients’ risks of developing and dying from obesity-related cancers, a new study led by Cleveland Clinic researchers has found.
Adopting a Precision Medicine Approach to Outcome Prediction in Inflammatory Bowel Disease
A paradigm shift is needed in inflammatory bowel disease, a Cleveland Clinic researcher contends, moving from reactive, symptom-based treatment to predictive biomarkers that forecast disease course and enable personalized, targeted therapies to prevent additional tissue damage.
Type of Ampullary Adenoma and Method of Resection Drive Risk of Recurrence After Endoscopic Papillectomy
The etiology of a patient’s ampullary adenoma as well as the manner in which the lesion is resected are factors that affect the risk of recurrence, according to the largest retrospective multicenter study on the topic to date.