February 6, 2020

Chronic Back Pain: Using the Patient’s Own Brain as a Therapeutic Tool (Podcast)

Behavioral therapy can help calm pain-processing center

When treating chronic back pain, don’t overlook the patient’s own brain as a therapeutic tool. Behavioral intervention works alongside injections, surgery, pain medication and physical therapy.

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One or two pain psychology sessions early on may be all some patients need to reduce pain before it becomes disabling, says pain psychologist Sara Davin, PsyD, MPH, Director of the Center for Comprehensive Pain Recovery in Cleveland Clinic’s Neurological Institute.

She and Kush Goyal, MD, a physical medicine and rehabilitation specialist in Cleveland Clinic’s Center for Spine Health, explain more about managing the complexities of chronic back pain in the newest episode of Cleveland Clinic’s peer-to-peer Neuro Pathways podcast. Their discussion touches on:

  • Understanding the science behind pain, including how stress and psychiatric illness can play a role
  • How to present the need for behavioral therapy without insinuating that a patient’s pain is psychological
  • What pain management success looks like
  • Cleveland Clinic’s functional restoration programs, including Back on TREK, which combines physical therapy, behavioral intervention and specialty spine care

Click the player below to hear the 17-minute podcast, or read on for a short edited excerpt. Check out more Neuro Pathways episodes at clevelandclinic.org/neuropodcast or wherever you get your podcasts.

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Excerpt from the podcast

Dr. Goyal: There are different forms of pain. But a lot of pain gets amplified by how much you think about it. Some patients even obsess about it. We educate patients on ways of living with pain without focusing on it so much. That surprisingly and very effectively can help improve their function.

Dr. Davin: What does success look like? I think about patients coming back and telling me that they went on a trip somewhere with their family, and they’re smiling when they talk about it instead of being preoccupied by their pain. We focus on getting back to activities they stopped doing because of pain and ultimately experiencing joy and happiness. I teach patients that this is really the antidote to pain and can impact their pain-processing systems. They may not immediately feel 100% less pain. But if they continue to do this over time, you see that patients are more engaged in life and have a variety of life experiences. As they talk less about their pain, they often feel less physical discomfort.

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