Search IconSearch
July 13, 2023/Cancer/Research

Increased Risk of Stroke, Bleeding and Atrial Fibrillation in Older CLL Patients Treated with Ibrutinib

Regular surveillance necessary to identify safety signals

23-CNR-3938585-CQD-Hero-650×450 Dr Caimi1

An analysis of real-world evidence from large registry-based data confirmed the increased incidence of cardiovascular events in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) patients treated with ibrutinib, and showed this treatment is associated with higher incidence of major bleeding events than was found in initial studies. A new study at Cleveland Clinic published in the Journal of American College of CardioOncology found a significant increase in major bleeding and a borderline increase in stroke risk, which had not been previously reported.


Cleveland Clinic is a non-profit academic medical center. Advertising on our site helps support our mission. We do not endorse non-Cleveland Clinic products or services. Policy


Ibrutinib is a first-in-class Burton’s tyrosine kinase (BTK) inhibitor. Early Ibrutinib trials recognized an association with specific adverse events such as bleeding and atrial fibrillation in younger patients treated for CLL. However, most clinical trials have enrolled patient populations of lower median age than the CLL population overall, which has limited information about these risks specifically in older patients with CLL.

Study design

Using the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results Program (SEER) data linked with Medicare claims, the research team identified patients diagnosed with CLL between 2007-2015, with 4,958 meeting inclusion criteria. The median age of the study population was 78 years. Sixty-one percent of patients had not yet received treatment for CLL, 32.7% were treated with agents other than ibrutinib, while 6% were treated with ibrutinib. In evaluating SEER data, researchers found that among patients treated with ibrutinib, the risk of major bleeding and stroke was higher than previously found in clinical trials.

Study findings

Patients treated with ibrutinib had a 4.9-fold increased risk of bleeding (HR: 4.92; 95% CI: 3.36-7.01) and a 7.5-fold increased risk of major bleeding (HR: 7.49; 95% CI; 4.32-12.99) compared to those on other therapies. Patients treated with ibrutinib also had an increased risk of atrial fibrillation (HR: 3.65; 95% CI: 2.5205.49) compared to patients treated with other therapies.


Study discussion

“One of the challenges of clinical trials in general is that it’s not always easy to enroll patients of more advanced age, as they tend to have more comorbidities, so you tend to see adverse events are a bit more pronounced in registry data than in a clinical trial,” explains Paolo Caimi, MD, study co-author and a hematologist-oncologist with Cleveland Clinic. “Ibrutinib has been shown to control disease better than chemotherapy and is very safe, but these study data show what practicing physicians already know, which is to monitor patients closely for new or more pronounced adverse events when prescribing a new drug, particularly in patients who are older and may be more frail.”

Increasing surveillance

The study findings highlight the importance of early and frequent surveillance, particularly in older patients being treated for CLL. “Having access to a specialist who can help manage adverse events like atrial fibrillation or evaluate a patient’s cardiac risk is important when a patient is starting on a new therapy,” says Dr. Caimi. “If a patient is at risk of cardiac issues, having a cardio-oncologist readily available to support them is very helpful.”

Informing patients helps them to monitor for symptoms. “Patients should also be made aware of the risks, so they can proactively consult if they have symptoms suggestive or arrhythmia, and awareness of a higher risk of more severe bleeding can prompt them to seek care early in case of a fall or another accident. Working in partnership with patients can help to reduce adverse events and their severity.”


Related Articles

Image showing Dr. Gupta
June 20, 2024/Cancer/Research
Trailblazing Urothelial Cancer Treatments (Podcast)

Platinum-eligible phase 3 trial of enfortumab vedotin and pembrolizumab yields ‘unprecedented data’

Lung cancer cells
June 5, 2024/Cancer/Research
Impact of Tumor Burden on Survival for Patients with EGFR-Mutant NSCLC Treated with Osimertinib

Extent of baseline burden impacts progression-free and overall survival

cancer cells
June 4, 2024/Cancer/Research
Researchers Identify Tumor Microbiome Differences in Early- vs. Average-Onset Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma

Further study warranted to better understand the clinical implications of these findings

car T-cells
June 3, 2024/Cancer/Research
CAR T-Cell Treatment Offers Hope for Richter Transformation

Real-world study shows high response rates that are durable with commercial lisocabtagene maraleucel

Blood clot
May 17, 2024/Cancer/Research
Managing the Risks of Venous Thromboembolisms in Patients with Cancer

Oral anticoagulants may be beneficial but need to be balanced against bleeding risks

Doctors working on MGUS screening study
March 18, 2024/Cancer/Research
Pilot Study Aims for Early Identification of Multiple Myeloma Precursor Among Black Patients

First-of-its-kind research investigates the viability of standard screening to reduce the burden of late-stage cancer diagnoses

Physician with patient
March 6, 2024/Cancer/Research
Targeting Uncontrolled Erythrocytosis in Polycythemia Vera with Rusfertide

Study demonstrates ability to reduce patients’ reliance on phlebotomies to stabilize hematocrit levels

Doctor measuring patient's waist size
February 26, 2024/Cancer/Research
Impact of Obesity on GVHD & Transplant Outcomes in Hematologic Malignancies

Findings highlight an association between obesity and an increased incidence of moderate-severe disease