Research Grants Aim To Improve and Personalize Kidney Care

Two NIH-funded mutlicenter research efforts are addressing unmet clinical needs

The principal investigators of two recently awarded National Institutes of Health-funded
multicenter grants discuss how these projects are designed to better manage care for
patients with acute kidney injury (AKI) following discharge and also set the stage for more
personalized care.

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Managing acute kidney injury after discharge

Survivors of acute kidney injury (AKI) are at increased risk for developing long-term major adverse kidney events (MAKE), progressive chronic kidney disease (CKD), end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) and all-cause mortality.

However, there is no clear outpatient protocol to prevent rehospitalization and/or subsequent CKD for these patients following discharge.

To address this, Cleveland Clinic and MetroHealth have teamed up as one of three national sites for the Caring for Outpatients with Acute Kidney Injury (COPE-AKI) trial. This five-year trial will compare outcomes between the standard of care and an intensive protocol, where patients will be followed closely through virtual and in-person visits. Investigators named this the Nurse Navigator, and the goal is to enroll 500 patients between both clinical centers.

“It’s an opportunity to fill a gap in our knowledge about the care people with AKI should have after they transition from hospital to outpatient care,” says Emilio Poggio, MD, principal investigator of the Cleveland COPE-AKI Clinical Center trial.

“We hypothesize that screening, intensive monitoring, and management of lipids, blood pressure and proteinuria, using renin-angiotensin system blockade and SGLT-2 inhibitors, will reduce ​re-hospitalization in patients with moderate-to-severe AKI as well as improve their wellbeing and decrease healthcare costs.

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The study is set to begin in late 2021 and will utilize novel strategies for remote monitoring of risk factors among AKI survivors. Patients will also participate by reporting their blood pressure, weight, kidney function and albuminuria data for the first three months after hospital discharge and then at predefined intervals for two years thereafter.

Leveraging datasets to inform novel biomarkers or therapeutic options

Researchers have analyzed traditional and non-traditional clinical risk factors to examine the progression of CKD and cardiovascular disease in patients with CKD using data and biosamples from the Chronic Renal Insufficiency Cohort (CRIC) Study.

The longitudinal observational study has followed 5,499 patients in 13 U.S. recruiting sites since 2003 and includes a racially and ethnically diverse study population with extensive clinical CKD phenotypes and associated cardiovascular and metabolic comorbidities. The CRIC study has more than 100 additionally funded ancillary studies, which has added to the expansion of data collection. The information gained from this cohort has been incredibly helpful in advancing knowledge of CKD. For example, data from this cohort was used to assist the National Kidney Foundation-American Society of Nephrology Task Force on Reassessing the Inclusion of Race in Diagnosing Kidney Diseases in their final recommendations.1

Cleveland Clinic nephrologists are now leveraging this rich dataset, alongside the clinical and molecular phenotyping data from the Kidney Precision Medicine Project (KPMP), a multicenter trial, to make advancements toward precision kidney medicine. 

Jonathan Taliercio, DO, is leading this effort as principal investigator. He says the Cleveland CRIC-KPMP study combines the strengths of these landmark trials by recruiting CRIC participants from Cleveland Clinic, University Hospital and MetroHealth to undergo research kidney biopsies using KPMP protocols.

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“We believe that integrating the blood and urine samples collected over a 20-year period from the CRIC study alongside the clinical and molecular phenotyping data from the KPMP study might lead to discoveries in disease subgroups, molecular pathways and novel therapies for patients with CKD,” he says.

“We hope to identify novel biomarkers and therapeutic options that lead to a cure for kidney disease attributed to diabetes and hypertension, the two leading causes of CKD and progression to ESKD,” he says.

Reference

  1. Delgado C, Baweja M, Crews D, Eneanya N, Gadegbeku C, Inker L, Mendu M, Miller WG, Moxey-Mims M, Roberts G, St Peter W, Warfield C, Powe N. A Unifying Approach for GFR Estimation: Recommendations of the NKF-ASN Task Force on Reassessing the Inclusion of Race in Diagnosing Kidney Disease. J Am Soc Nephrol. 2021 Sep 23:ASN.2021070988. doi: 10.1681/ASN.2021070988. Epub ahead of print.