Patients with hematologic malignancies (HM) are at risk of recurrent 30-day unplanned readmissions (UR), given high symptom burdens and repeated courses of chemotherapy. A team of Cleveland Clinic researchers, led by Sudipto Mukherjee, MD, PhD, MPH, recently sought to identify predictors of recurrent 30-day UR in patients with HM as a first step toward designing interventions for this group. Girish Kunapareddy, MD, MBA, a fellow at Cleveland Clinic Cancer Center, was first author on the abstract.
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The study included 259 30-day UR involving 157 hematologic malignancy patients treated at Cleveland Clinic between 2012 and 2015. Hematologic malignancies included in the analysis were acute leukemias, myelodysplastic syndromes and aggressive lymphomas. The tables below show disease-related, clinical and discharge-associated factors that are associated with 30-day UR and independently predictive of subsequent 30-day UR.
”We found several predictors of recurrent 30-day UR, notably gastrointestinal symptoms, prior admission for febrile neutropenia, those with relapsed refractory disease and constitutional symptoms, among others,” says Dr. Mukherjee, associate staff in the Department of Hematology and Medical Oncology at Cleveland Clinic Cancer Center. “These data shed light on potential areas that can be targeted for interventions to reduce these UR, which are a significant burden on these patients and not an optimal use of medical resources.” For instance, the subset of patients with relapsed/refractory disease may particularly benefit from a specialized program that includes individualized symptom management from a coordinated team and closer ambulatory follow-ups. As part of efforts to reduce 30-day UR, Cleveland Clinic has instituted five-day follow-up for all cancer patients discharged after hospitalization.
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