The Importance of Screening for Frailty in Patients with Spinal Conditions (Podcast)

Prehabilitation can help improve outcomes after spine surgery

Frailty and older age don’t necessarily go hand in hand. A relatively healthy 85-year-old who exercises and doesn’t smoke may be less frail than a 65-year-old smoker who is sedentary and has multiple medical concerns. That’s an important distinction when caring for patients with chronic back pain and spinal conditions, says Augusto Hsia Jr., MD, a medical spine specialist in Cleveland Clinic’s Center for Spine Health.

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In the newest episode of Cleveland Clinic’s Neuro Pathways podcast, Dr. Hsia discusses the importance of screening for frailty when preparing patients for spinal surgery. The 10-minute audio interview touches on:

  • Why frailty matters in spine health
  • How prehabilitation can help improve outcomes of spine surgery
  • The value of a multidisciplinary approach to patients with frailty and spine disorders
  • Proactive ways to reduce frailty in this patient population

Click the player below to listen to the podcast now, or read on for a short edited excerpt. Check out more Neuro Pathways episodes at clevelandclinic.org/neuropodcast or wherever you get your podcasts.

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Excerpt from the podcast

Dr. Hsia: Prehabilitation is the process of maximizing functional capabilities in our elderly patients prior to spine surgery. The goal is to decrease perioperative and postoperative complications, as well as to improve outcomes after spine surgery.

If the patient already has problems with gait, speed and strength, physical therapy can improve them, like in patients who have sarcopenia. People who take multiple medications have high risk of delirium. If we address that issue, we are more successful postoperatively. That’s together with diabetes control and medical assessment and management of heart disease and COPD prior to surgery. It’s better to do these things preventatively rather than postoperatively.

Podcast host Alex Rae-Grant, MD: Is there anything we could be changing in our practice to reduce frailty in our patient population?  

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Dr. Hsia: Yes, definitely. Half of the component of frailty is in physical deconditioning, so we should encourage patients to exercise daily, for strength training and neural reconditioning. We also should try to avoid opiate-type medication that may cause more problems postoperatively. And certainly, other medical risk factors should be sought out and treated.