Cleveland Clinic researchers have received a $2.5 million grant from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) to further advance their unprecedented use of deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the dentate nucleus to enhance motor rehabilitation in stroke survivors.
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The award supports continuing work in preclinical models to improve the efficacy and better elucidate the mechanisms of DBS in restoring post-stroke motor function. It will operate in parallel with the Cleveland Clinic researchers’ ongoing first-in-human clinical trial exploring the use of DBS to restore motor function in patients after a stroke (see previous Consult QD coverage of that trial).
“If this research succeeds, it will offer new hope for patients who have suffered a stroke and remained paralyzed,” says Andre Machado, MD, PhD, Chairman of Cleveland Clinic’s Neurological Institute and co-primary investigator on the grant. “It’s an opportunity to allow patients to rehabilitate and gain function — and thereby gain independence.”
“Our working hypothesis is that low-frequency dentate nucleus DBS augments excitatory dentatothalamocortical output, and in the process increases cerebral cortical excitability, facilitating functional reorganization in perilesional cortical areas and further supporting motor recovery,” adds the other co-primary investigator, Ken Baker, PhD, of the Department of Neurosciences in Cleveland Clinic Lerner Research Institute.
“The experiments proposed in the study to be funded by this grant will help ensure successful human translation of this promising novel treatment while also systematically examining its mechanistic underpinnings,” notes Dr. Machado, a neurosurgeon who is placing the DBS devices into patients participating in the study’s clinical trial component.
The experiments are specifically designed to determine the following:
- How the anatomical extent and distribution of the ischemic core influences DBS treatment efficacy and carryover of benefits
- How movement-related, synchronized oscillatory activity across deep cerebellar nuclei and neocortex may change following a stroke and as a result of DBS — and whether such activity could function as a control signal in a paired-associative treatment paradigm
- Whether age at the time of stroke affects the efficacy of DBS
- Anatomical and functional mechanisms underlying any enhancement of motor recovery by DBS
“There are currently no effective treatments for the hundreds of thousands of individuals who live with chronic motor disabilities following a stroke,” observes Dr. Baker. “This NIH award will help us further refine our work to use cerebellar stimulation in an effort to reduce stroke’s burden on patients, their families and society.”