VATS Pneumonectomy: An Up-Close Video Look
In this video case study, video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery is employed for pneumonectomy in a 67-year-old with a lung tumor. The surgeon walks us through the essential operative steps.
A 67-year-old female never-smoker presented with recurrent upper respiratory tract infections requiring repeated hospitalizations. After bronchoscopy at an outside hospital revealed an obstructive mass in the distal left main bronchus, she was transferred to Cleveland Clinic for further evaluation.
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Lung CT revealed a mass at the distal left main bifurcation leading to obstructive atelectasis of the upper lobe. Bronchoscopy at Cleveland Clinic confirmed the earlier findings, and aggressive debridement revealed a typical carcinoid neoplasm. Bronchial ultrasound assessment of the paratracheal lymph nodes found no evidence of neoplasm. Extension of the tumor down the upper and lower lobe segmental bronchi, including direct involvement of the secondary carina, ruled out sleeve resection.
Preoperative evaluation revealed an FEV1 of 1.05 (49 percent predicted) and a DLCO of 13.98 (70 percent predicted). Quantitative perfusion scan showed only 10 percent perfusion to the left lung. Stress echocardiogram revealed a fixed defect in the inferior wall with no inducible ischemia and a normal ejection fraction.
The clinical team decided to proceed with left pneumonectomy using a planned video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) approach. In the narrated six-minute intraoperative video below, Daniel Raymond, MD, of Cleveland Clinic’s Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, walks clinicians through essential points in the operation after an animation showing the surgical plan.