A 74-year-old patient had recurring symptoms of stiffness, weakness and fatigue and required higher doses of prednisone to achieve relief. Alexandra Villa-Forte, MD, presents a case of polymyalgia rheumatica.
MRA or CTA of the entire aorta and its branches are critical when extracranial giant cell arteritis is suspected.
An 86-year-old man presented with unexplained right-sided headache and vision loss. Workup evaluating for giant cell arteritis, orbital apex syndrome and other conditions eventually leads to the diagnosis of orbital fungal infection.
Researchers have long suspected that microorganisms play a role in the development of giant cell arteritis; data showing that patients with the disease have a distinct microbiome are the first step toward determining that function.
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The distinct microbiome found in patients with aortitis may help researchers determine the etiology of the disease.
A rheumatologist discusses the differential diagnosis and treatment of polymyalgia rheumatica and its close cousin, giant cell arteritis.
Current biomarkers used in giant cell arteritis (GCA) and Takayasu arteritis (TAK) are insufficiently specific for assessing disease activity. This study assessed whether S100 proteins were associated with disease activity in GCA and TAK.
The role of PET imaging in patients with large vessel vasculitis is not yet clearly defined.
Contrasting results raise interesting questions about these diseases and highlight the importance of continued research in vasculitis.
Giant cell arteritis, Takayasu’s arteritis and isolated aortitis have been seen as separate diseases distinguished by age at onset and pattern of vessel involvement, but they may be more similar than previously known.